What Is Doping In Sports? History And Doping Epidemic

What Is Doping In Sports? History And Doping Epidemic

Doping in Sports has become a key and complex issue in the world of sports, which deserves serious consideration, as experts are still trying to understand why and how it occurs, and how to prevent it. The “sensational” revelations in the press reflect the gravity of the situation in most sports articles.

What Is Doping In Sports?

Doping’ refers to the use of illicit drugs or methods to train athletes and improve sports outcomes. Steroids are drugs that often come to mind when talking about doping, but doping also involves the use of other athletes’ illicit drugs (such as stimulants, hormones, diuretics, drugs and marijuana), illicit methods (such as blood). Transfer or gene doping), and even refuses to take drug tests or attempts to tamper with doping controls.


The use of drugs in sports dates back centuries to the invention of the concept of sports. In ancient times, when the best athletes in a country selected as athletes or fighters, they fed and considered beneficial to help build muscle.

In the 1950s, the Soviet Olympic team experimented with some testosterone supplements to increase strength and power. Since 1974, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) Sports Federation has made the state a mandatory doping policy for athletes under the age of 10, often without their knowledge. Until 1978, East German athletes were receiving anabolic steroids in every sport except ships. Yet at the 1976 and 1980 Summer Games, not a single East German tested positive for drugs. GDR athletes won 216 medals at the Olympics, including 87 gold. An estimated 10,000 former East German athletes have been abused.

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Side Effects of Doping:

One of the major causes of doping is that many of these substances can cause harmful and long-lasting side effects, which may include:

Heart Disease:

irregular heart rhythm, high blood pressure, heart attack, sudden death

Central Nervous System:

Insomnia, Anxiety, Depression, Aggressive Behavior, Suicide, Headache, Withdrawal Addiction, Psychosis, Earthquake, Dizziness, Paralysis


Bleeding from the nose, sinusitis


infertility, gynecomastia (enlarged breasts), testicle size, reduced sexual drive, acroglia (thick bones in face, hands and feet), cancer

The second issue is more of a moral dilemma. These illicit substances used to gain an unfair advantage, which significantly reduces the spirit of competition.

What Substances Are Banned From Use?

Some drugs are banned both in and out of competition due to their performance-enhancing properties, while others are banned only during competitions. Another reason for banning drugs is their ability to mask the presence of various illicit drugs during testing.

In general, there are the following classes of drugs that are banned:
Street drugs, stimulants, anabolic steroids, peptide hormones (ie human growth hormone [hGH]), alcohol and beta-blockers (only for archery and rifle shooting), diuretics, beta-2 agonists, anti-estrogens, blood doping, and genes Manipulation.

Test Methods:

There are various test methods that are used to check the doping of sports athletes.

  • Urine test
  • Blood test
  • Gas chromatography-combustion-IRMS
  • Athlete biological passport
  • Re-testing of samples
  • Cheating the tests
  • Validity


There is a major link between doping athletes, their therapists, and the expanding world of “anti-aging” medicine and some unregulated clinic at Coral Gables in Florida. They accused of providing. androgenic doping drugs. The 549 anti-aging clinics are currently operating in the state of Florida.

In short, with the help of athletes’ therapists, doping has had two major effects on the modern world. First, it has transformed high-performance sports into pharmacological practices in a perpetually over-the-top subculture that violates sports ethics. Second, doping doctors in the sports world have launched “commercial” medical methods that are now available to large numbers of people seeking hormonal rehabilitation.

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